Structures Around The World


 World’s 20 Tallest Buildings According to Height

Name of Building Height in meters Floors Country
Burj Khalifa, Dubai 828 163 UAE
Shanghai Tower, Shanghai 632 128 China
Abraj Al Bait/ Makkah Royal Clock Tower, Makkah 601 120 Saudi Arabia
Ping An Finance Center, Shanzhen 599.1 115 China
Lotte World Tower, Seoul 554.5 123 South Korea
One World Trade Center, NYC 541.3 94 United States
Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre, Guangzhou 530 111 China
Tianjin CTF Finance Center, Tianjin 530 97 China
CITIC Tower, Beijing 527.7 109 China
Taipei 101, Taipei 508 101 Taiwan
Shanghai World Financial Centre, Shanghai 492 101 China
International Commerce Centre (ICC), Hong Kong 484 108 Hong Kong
Central Park Tower, NYC 472.4 98 United States
Lakhta Center, St. Petersburg 462 87 Russia
Vincom Landmark 81, Ho Chi Minh City 461.2 81 Vietnam
Changsha IFS Tower T1, Changsha 452.1 94 China
Petronas Twin Tower 1, Kuala Lumpur 451.9 88 Malaysia
Petronas Twin Tower 2, Kuala Lumpur 451.9 88 Malaysia
Suzhou IFS, Suzhou 450 95 China
Zifeng Tower, Nanjing 450 66 China


World’s Famous Libraries

The National Library, Vienna (Austria)

  • Munich State Library (Germany)
  • British Museum Library (UK)
  • National Library, Paris (France)
  • State Library, Berlin (Germany)
  • Vatican Library, Vatican State (Italy)
  • Punjab Public Library, Lahore (Pakistan)
  • Lenin State Library, Moscow (Russia)
  • The National Library, Tokyo (Japan)
  • Imperial Library, Calcutta (India)
  • Punjab Public Library, Lahore (Pakistan)
  • Congress Library, New York (USA)

World’s Oldest Libraries

Library of Ashurbanipal

  • Library of Alexandria
  • The Library of Pergamum
  • The Villa OF Papyri
  • The Library of Trajan’s Forum

Famous Arches of Triumph around the World

Name Location Year of Completion
Arc De Triomphe Du Carrousel Paris, France 1806-1808
Arc De Triomphe De Carabobo Carabobo, Venezuela 1921
Patuxai Vientiane, Laos 1957-1968
Swords of Qadisiyah Baghdad, Iraq 1989
The Arch of Triumph Pyongyang, North Korea 1982


World’s Biggest Libraries

Name Country Number of items
Library of Congress Washington, D. C. 162 million
British Library United Kingdom 150 million
Library and Archives Canada Canada 54 million
New York Public Library Manhattan 53.1 million
Russian State Library Moscow 44.4 million
National Diet Library Tokyo 41.88 million
Bibliothèque Nationale De France Paris 40 million
National Library of Russia St. Petersburg 36.5 million
Royal Danish Library Denmark 35.1 million
The National Library of China Beijing 35.1 million

 Grade I Listed Structures in England

 Structures which are categorised as Grade I mean that they are historically very significant in England.

Name Location
Humber Bridge Historic England
The British Library King’s Cross, London
Lloyd’s Building City of London
Willis Building Ipswich
Kingsgate Bridge Durham
Severn Bridge and Aust Viaduct South Gloucestershire


Famous Citadels of the World

Name Location
Citadel of Ghazni Afghanistan
Herat Citadel Afghanistan
Mainz Citadel Germany
Royal Citadel, Plymouth United Kingdom
Petersberg Citadel Germany
Warsaw Citadel Poland
Bam Citadel Iran
Cairo Citadel Egypt

Cathedrals of the World

Name Location
Notre Dam Paris, France
Cologne Cathedral Domkloster, Germany
Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Firenze, Italy
Duomo di Milano Milano, Italy
St. Paul’s Cathedral London, United Kingdom
St. Basil’s Cathedral Moscow, Russia
Catedral de Sevilla Sevilla, Spain
St. Patrick’s Cathedral New York, United States
St. Stephen’s Cathedral Wien, Austria
St. Vitus Cathedral Prague, Czech Republic
Salisbury Cathedral Salisbury, United Kingdom
Cathedral of Brasilia Brazil
York Minster York, United Kingdom
Burgos Cathedral Burgos, Spain
Westminster Abbey London, United Kingdom
Washington National Cathedral Washington, D. C. United States
Canterbury Cathedral Canterbury, United Kingdom
Lincoln Cathedral Lincoln, United Kingdom
Winchester Cathedral Winchester, United Kingdom
Bourges Cathedral Bourges, France
Berlin Cathedral Berlin, Germany
Durham Cathedral Durham, United Kingdom
St. Isaac’s Cathedral St. Petersburg, Russia
Catterdrale di Pisa Pisa, Italy

Longest Bridges of the World

Bridge Country Length
Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge China 102 miles
Changua-Kaohsiung Viaduct China 98 miles
Tianjin Grand Bridge China 70 miles
Cangde Grand Bridge China 66 miles
Weinan Weihe Grand Bridge China 50 miles
Bang Na Expressway Thailand 34 miles
Beijing Grand Bridge China 30 miles
Lake Pontchartrain Causeway United States 24 miles
Line 1 (Wehan Metro) China 24 miles
Manchac Swamp Bridge United States 23 miles

World’s Longest Sea Crossing Bridge

  • Chinese President Xi Jinping has officially opened the world’s longest sea crossing bridge, nine years after construction first began.
  • Including its access roads, the bridge spans 55km (34 miles) and connects Hong Kong to Macau and the mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai. 

Largest Cemeteries of the World

Name Location
Wadi-us-Salaam (Valley of Peace) Najaf, Iraq
Calverton National Cemetery Calverton, New York
Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery Chicago, Illinois
Ohlsdorf Cemetery Hamburg, Germany
Karacaahmet Cemetery Istanbul, Turkey
Rookwood Cemetery Sydney, Australia
Spring Grove Cemetery Ohio, United States

Famous Palaces of the World

Palace Location
Palace of Versailles France
Grand Kremlin Palace Russia
Schonbrunn Palace Vienna
Topkapi Palace Turkey
Alhambra Spain
Potala Palace China
Winter Palace Russia
Mysore Palace India
Buckingham Palace United Kingdom
Summer Palace China
Windsor Castle United Kingdom
Royal Palace of Madrid Spain
Pitti Palace Italy
Luxembourg Palace France
The Royal Palace Sweden
Royal Palace Amsterdam Netherlands
St James’s Palace United Kingdom
Amber Palace India

Famous Defunct Airlines of the World

Lakers Airways Skytrain 1982 England
Braniff international Airways 1982 Texas, United States
Eastern Air Lines: 1991 United States
Midway Airlines 1991 United States
Interflug 1991 East Germany
Pan American World Airways 1991 United States
Tower Air 2000 NewYork, United States
Ansett Australia 2001 Australia
Sabena 2001 Belgium
SwissAir 2002 Switzerland
 Kingfisher  2005  India
Monarch Airlines 2017 United Kingdom
PAN American Airways 1991 United States
Trans World Airlines 2001 United States


Some International Airlines

Name Country
Aegean Airlines Greece
Aer Lingus Ireland
Aero Asia Pakistan
Aeroflot Russia
Aerosvit Ukraine
Air Astana Kazakhstan
Air Bagan Myanmar
Air Baltic Latvia
Airblue Pakistan
Air Canada Canada
Air china China
Air Europe Spain
Air France France
Air India India
Air Koryo North Korea
Alitalia Italy
Ariana Airlines Afghanistan
Asiana Airlines South Korea
Atlantic Airways Faroe Islands
Belavia Airlines Belarus
Bhoja Air Pakistan
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Bangladesh
British Airways United Kingdom
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Airlines (CAL) Taiwan
Drukair Bhutan
El Al Israel Airlines Israel
Emirates United Arab Emirates
Etihad Airways United Arab Emirates
Finnair Finland
Garuda Indonesia
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iraqi Airways Iraq
Japan Airlines Japan
Jat Airways Serbia
KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines) Netherlands
Lufthansa Germany
Luxair Luxembourg
MEA (Middle East Airlines-Air Liban) Lebanon
Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) Pakistan
Qantas Australia
Royal Jordanian Airlines Jordan
Royal Nepal Airlines Nepal
Saudi Arabian Airlines Saudi Arabia
Scandinavian Airlines System operated jointly by Denmark, Norway and Sweden
Shaheen Air Pakistan
Singapore Airlines (SIA) Singapore
Swissair Switzerland
Thai International Airlines Thailand
Yemenia Airways Yemen

International Airports

Busiest Airports in the World

Rank Airport Location Country
1 Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport Atlanta, Georgia United States
2 Beijing Capital International Airport ChaoyangShunyi, Beijing China
3 Dubai International Airport Garhoud, Dubai United Arab Emirates
4 Los Angeles International Airport Los Angeles, California United States
5 Tokyo Haneda Airport Ōta, Tokyo Japan
6 O’Hare International Airport Chicago, Illinois United States
7 London Heathrow Airport Hillingdon, London United Kingdom
8 Hong Kong International Airport Chek Lap Kok, Islands, New Territories Hong Kong SAR, China
9 Shanghai Pudong International Airport Pudong, Shanghai China
10 Charles de Gaulle Airport Roissy-en-France, Île-de-France France
11 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Haarlemmermeer, North Holland Netherlands
12 Indira Gandhi International Airport Delhi India
13 Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport BaiyunHuadu, Guangzhou, Guangdong China
14 Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt, Hesse Germany
15 Dallas/Fort Worth

International Airport

DallasFort Worth, Texas United States
16 Seoul Incheon International Airport Incheon South Korea
17 Istanbul Atatürk Airport Yeşilköy, Istanbul Turkey
18 Soekarno–Hatta International Airport Tangerang, Banten Indonesia
19 Singapore Changi Airport Changi, East Region Singapore
20 Denver International Airport Denver, Colorado United States

List of Deadliest Air Crashes

Flight Date Fatalities
Turkish Airlines Flight 981 March 3, 1974 346
KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 March 27, 1977 583
American Airlines Flight 191 May 25 1979 272
Saudia Flight 163 August 19, 1980 301
Air India Flight 182 June 23, 1985 329
Japan Airlines Flight 123 August 12, 1985 520
Iran Air Flight 655 July 3, 1988 290
Saudia Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 November 12, 1996 349
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 March 8, 2014 275
Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 July 17, 2014 298
Iranian Air Force Ilyushun II-76 February 19, 2003 275

 World’s Largest Dams

Name Country Type
Three Gorges China Gravity
Tarbela* Pakistan Earth
Fort Peck United States Earth
Oahe United States Earth
Oroville United States Earth
San Luis United States Earth
Mangla Pakistan Earth
Garrison United States Earth
W.A.C Bennett Dam Canada Earth
Gardiner Dam Canada Earth
Aswan Egypt Earth

*World’s largest earth-filled dam.

One of the most beautiful dams in the world is Hoover Dam located in Canada.

 World’s Famous Dams

Name Country/city
Hoover Dam Nevada/Arizona, United States
Three Gorges Dam Hubei, China
The Karun-3 Dam Khuzestan, Iran
The Inguri Dam Jvari, Georgia
Vajont Erto E Casso, Italy
Sand Dams Kenya
Beaver Dam Wood Buffalo Park, Canada


List of China’s Largest Dams

Name Region, province or city Storage capacity Year of construction
Baihetan Dam Sichuan 17,924,000,000 meter cube 2021
Lower Baoquan Dam Henan Province 16,500,000,000 meter cube 1994
Danjiangkou Dam Hubei Province 17,450,000,000 meter cube 1973
Fengman Dam Jilin Province 11,460,000,000 meter cube 1953
Jinping Dam-I Sichuan Province 7,700,000,000 meter cube 2013
Longtang Dam Hainan Province   2011
Nuozhadu Dam Yunnan Province 21,749,000,000 meter cube 2014

 Dams in Ghana

Dam name Year of construction Total volume/area
Akosombo Dam 1965 7.92 million meters cube
Kpong Dam 1976-1982  
Bui Dam 2009 1,000,000 meters cube


History’s Most Famous Walls

Walls Location
Berlin Wall East Germany
Great Wall of China Beijing
Green Monster, Fenway Park, Boston Boston
Vietnam Memorial Washington D.C, U.S
Walls of Jericho Jericho, Palestine
Walls of Troy Hills of Hissarlik
The Western (Wailing) Wall Jerusalem
Walls of Kremlin Russia
Forbidden City China
Wall Street U.S
Alcatraz Prison San Francisco, California, U.S
Sistine Chapel Vatican City
The Atlantic Wall Coast of Continental Europe and Scandinavia


  • The Berlin Wall was demolished on 9th November, 1989.

 wonders of the world

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

A Greek author Antipater of Sidon (second century BC) was the first to list the greatest monuments and buildings among the world’s seven wonders.  Most of these structures are now ruined except the ‘Pyramids of Egypt’; parts of which have survived.


Monuments Location Date
Pyramids of Egypt Egypt Between 2589-2504 BC
The Colossus of Rhodes Greek Island of Rhodes 280 BC
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon South of Modern Baghdad Conflicted
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus Eastern Side of the Aegean Sea 350 BC
The Pharos of Alexandria or The Lighthouse of Alexandria Port of Alexandria 280 BC
The Statue of Zeus (Jupiter) Valley of Olympia, Greece 435 BC
The Temple of Artemis (Diana) Ephesus 550 BC
Sagrada Familia Barcelona 1852-1926*


New Seven Wonders of the World

Monuments Location
Taj Mahal Agra, India
Colosseum Rome, Italy
Great Wall of China Beijing, China
Chichen Itza Mexico
Christ the Redeemer Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Machu Picchu Peru
Petra Jordan

 List of Famous Pyramids

Name Location
Transamerica Pyramid San Francisco
Pyramid of Cestius Rome
Gebel Barkal Sudan
Pyramid of Meidum Egypt
Meroe Nubia (North of Khartoum)
Bent Pyramid Dahshur (Egypt)
Red Pyramid Egypt
Pyramids of Giza Cairo


Some Highest Towers of the World

Name City Height (meters)
Shanghai Tower Shanghai 632m
Makkah Royal Clock Tower Mecca 601m
Lotte World Tower Seoul 554.5m
CITIC Tower Beijing 527.7m
Central Park Tower New York City 472.4m
Willis Tower Chicago 442.1m
Wuhan Center Tower Wuhan 438m
Princess Tower Dubai 413.4m
Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City 412.6m
Federation Tower Moscow 373.7m
Almas Tower Dubai 360m
Gevora Hotel Dubai 356.3m

 List of Mayan Ruins

The Mayan Ruins are renowned as architectural attractions in Central America and Mexico because of their complicated structural designs. They are also a major tourist visiting spot.

Name Location
Caracol Belize
Xunantunich Belize
Tikal Guatemala
El Mirador Guatemala
Copan Honduras
Chichen Itza Mexico
Bonampak Chiapas
Palenque Mexico
Tulum Carribean Coast
Uxmal Mexico

 Important Sites of Religions

  1. Great Mosque of Mecca, Saudi Arabia (Islam)
  2. Masjid e Nabawi, Madina, Saudi Arabia
  3. Masjid e Aqsa, Jerusalem
  4. Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem (Christianity)
  5. Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Varanasi, India (Hinduism)
  6. Golden Temple, Amritsar, India (Sikhism)
  7. Ise Grand Shrine, Ise, Japan (Shintoism)
  8. Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya, India (Buddhism)

Saint Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City (Catholicism)

  1. Western Wall, Jerusalem (Judaism)
  2. Angkor Wat – It is located in Cambodia. By land area, it is the biggest religious monument (162.6 hectares).

Famous Mosques of World

Mosque Country
Blue Mosque and Bosphorus Istanbul, Turkey
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque Isfhan, Iran
Aqsunqur Mosque Cairo, Egypt
Al Haram Mosque Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Al Aqsa Mosque Jerusalem, Israel
Hassan II Mosque Cassabalenca, Morrocco
Qiblatain Mosque Madina, Saudi Arabia