Criminology CSS Syllabus & Importance of Criminology

Criminology CSS Syllabus

CSS Criminology Syllabus 2023 – 2024

Criminology CSS Syllabus: CSS Criminology carries 100 marks and it is one of the Optional Subjects of FPSC CSS Exams. The detailed syllabus of CSS Criminology is given below; it consists of 4 sections. Each section carries 25 percent weightage in the exam. Reviewing Latest CSS Criminology Syllabus will help you get through the most of the competitive examinations conducted by the Federal Public Service Commission (FPSC) Islamabad. Keep visiting this space for timely updates on CSS Exam 2023 – 2024:
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CSS Criminology 2023 – 2024 – Detailed Syllabus and Marks Distribution

A breakdown of the Latest Syllabus of CSS Criminology 2023 – 2024 with Marks Distribution is given below:

Section-I   (25 Marks)

I. Introduction

Basic concepts used in understanding crime, criminality and criminal.

II. Understanding Criminology

Definition, meaning and scope of criminology, Criminology and criminal law; Crime as social problem; Deviance, Sin, Vice, Evil, Norms, Values; Security (Physical, Social, Economic)

III.  Crime and Criminals

Occasional criminals, Habitual criminals, Professional criminals, White-collar crime, Organized crime, corporate crimes.

IV. Crime and Criminality: Theoretical Perspectives

An early explanation of criminal behavior

  • Biological Theories; Psychological Theories, Sociological Theories
    • Social Disorganization theory
    • Strain theory
    • Social Control theory
    • Learning theory
    • Labeling Theory
  • Islamic perspective on deviance and crime

Section-II   (25 Marks)

V. Juvenile Delinquency

Meaning, definitions (Behavioral Vs Legal), Juvenile delinquent Vs status offender, Official statistics of juvenile delinquency

VI. Juvenile Justice System

  • Role of police
  • Juvenile court process:
    • pretrial, trial and sentencing
    • Role of prosecutor, defense counsel, juvenile judge, juvenile probation officer
  • Juvenile correctional institutions, probation and non-punitive alternatives

VII. The Criminal Justice System:

  • Police and its role
  • Trial and Conviction of Offenders
    • Agencies: formal and informal
    • Criminal courts: procedures and problems
    • Role of prosecutors
  • Prisons, Probation and Parole

VIII. Punitive and Reformative Treatment of Criminals

Corporal punishment, Imprisonment, Rehabilitation of criminals.

Section-III   (25 Marks)

IX. Criminal Investigation

Principles of criminal investigation, Manual of preliminary investigation, Intelligence operations, Data base investigation, Electronic investigation, Forensic Investigation

X. Techniques of Investigations

Gathering information from persons, Interviewing and interrogation techniques, Criminal investigation analysis,

XI. Legal and Ethical Guidelines for Investigators

Stop and frisk operations, Arrest procedures, Search and seizure.

XII. International Policing Criminal Justice Monitoring Organizations


Section-IV   (25 Marks)

XIII. Modern Concepts in Contemporary Criminology

  • Terrorism, Radicalism and War on Terror
  • Media’s representation of Crime and the Criminal Justice System
  • Modern Law Enforcement and Crime Prevention
    • Intelligence-led Policing
    • Community Policing
    • Private Public Partnership
  • Gender and Crime in Urban and Rural Pakistan
  • Crime and Urbanization, Organized Crime and White-Collar Crime
  • Human Rights Abuses and Protection, especially Children, Women and Minorities and the role of civil society and NGOs
  • Money-laundering
  • Cyber Crime
  • Role of NAB, FIA, ANF

Importance of CSS Criminology in Pakistan

Here are some key points highlighting the importance of criminology in Pakistan

Criminology is essential for understanding the nature, causes, and trends of crime in Pakistan. It also helps us handle it. By assisting in the identification of the underlying variables that contribute to criminal conduct, such as social, economic, psychological, and cultural aspects, policymakers are better equipped to create crime prevention and control plans that are successful.
Implementing policies: Developing research-based policies and methods to combat crime in Pakistan requires a thorough understanding of criminology. To guarantee the swift and impartial administration of justice, this entails creating crime prevention initiatives, creating efficient law enforcement procedures, and enhancing the criminal justice system.
Reforming the criminal justice system: Criminology offers important insights into how Pakistan’s police, courts, and prison facilities operate. It aids in identifying areas that need improvement, such as tackling corruption concerns, fostering better police-community interactions, and advancing offender rehabilitation and reintegration programs.
Victim rights and support: Criminology acknowledges the significance of victimology, which entails understanding the needs and experiences of crime victims. It assists in promoting the rights and welfare of victims, including their right to access justice, financial restitution, and other forms of assistance, all of which are essential in Pakistan to address the difficulties that crime victims must deal with.
Combating transnational crime and terrorism: Pakistan must contend with both the danger of terrorism and issues associated to transnational crime, such as money laundering, drug trafficking, and human trafficking. Criminology offers the information and techniques needed to comprehend the intricate dynamics of these crimes, create successful preventive and detection plans, and strengthen counterterrorism initiatives.
Human rights and social justice: Criminology acknowledges the significance of human rights and social justice in relation to crime and criminal justice. In order to address concerns of social inequality, prejudice, and injustice in Pakistan’s criminal justice system, it promotes the values of fairness, equality, and non-discrimination.
Professional development and capacity building: Pakistani law enforcement officials, criminal justice professionals, policymakers, and scholars have access to criminology’s chances for professional development and capacity building. It gives them the information, abilities, and resources required to tackle the nation’s problems with crime and criminal justice.
As a result of its invaluable contributions to our understanding of crime, criminal behavior, and the criminal justice system, criminology is crucial in Pakistan. It supports the development of evidence-based policies, the advancement of social justice, the defense of victim rights, and the fight against terrorism and transnational crime. Criminology is crucial for tackling crime-related issues and making sure Pakistan has an equitable and efficient criminal justice system.

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