Agriculture & Forestry CSS Syllabus 2016 is available here. You are instructed in this subject to write following points with detail: Concept of Integrated Agriculture, Challenges in Pakistan’s Agriculture, Elements of Climate and their Relationship with Crop Growth, Genetic Improvement for Crop Production, Horticulture: Rainfed and Irrigated Agriculture.

Agriculture & Forestry CSS Syllabus:

Agriculture & Forestry CSS Syllabus 2016 is given below:

Part-I: Agriculture (50 marks)

1. Concept of Integrated Agriculture: Components of natural resources as bases for agriculture production (Land, Water, biological, Environmental, Solar, Energy)

2. Challenges in Pakistan’s Agriculture: Present scenario and future prospects. Analytical overview: issues and strategies for improvement of crop management, livestock management, fisheries, cottage industry, resource management and rural development. Institutions and policies: issues and options.

3. Elements of Climate and their Relationship with Crop Growth: Farming Systems, biological nitrogen fixation, soil profile, structure and texture, soil fertility, soil erosion and conservation, water logging and salinity

4. Genetic Improvement for Crop Production: GMO crops, Seed production technology.

5. Horticulture: Floriculture, landscaping, pests and diseases of agriculture crops and their control, integrated pest management.

6. Rainfed and Irrigated Agriculture: Agriculture mechanization, land tenure and land reforms, role of agriculture in national economy.

Part-II Forestry = (50 Marks)

  1. Forest, range lands and wild life importance and significance
  2. Forest management and utilization, wood based industries in Pakistan, silviculture
  3. Range management and utilization
  4. National and international forest wealth statistics
  5. Role of wildlife as value addition to forestry
  6. Forest based wildlife reservations of Pakistan and their management, eco-tourism
  7. Forestry, agroforestry, social forestry and forest biometrics
  8. Socio-economic and ecological impact of manmade forests
  9. Watershed Management and role of forests in prevailing climate change dilemma
  10. National forest laws and policies at national level, biodiversity & environment

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