Zoology CSS Syllabus

Zoology CSS Syllabus 2016 is available here. Candidates will be expected to display in depth knowledge of basic Zoology concepts, Animal Diversity-Invertebrates, Architectural pattern of an animal, Taxonomy and phylogeny, Major subdivisions of animal kingdom, Animal Diversity-Chordate, Principles of Animal Life, Darwinian evolutionary theory, Species and speciation, Animal Form and Function.

Zoology CSS Syllabus

1. Animal Diversity-Invertebrates

  • Architectural pattern of an animal, Taxonomy and phylogeny, Major subdivisions of animal kingdom.
  • Animal-Like Protists: The Protozoa: evolutionary perspective, locomotion and reproduction, Protozoa of veterinary and medical importance.
  • Porifera: Body wall, skeleton and water currents system. Coelenterates: Reproduction plan and alteration of generation (Polymorphism), Coral reefs.
  • Platyhelminthes and Nematodes: Parasitic adaptations and medical importance. Annelids: Metamerism and ecological importance.
  • Molluscs: Modification of foot, Feeding and their role in the shell fishery.
  • Arthropods: Modification in their mouth parts, Role of arthropods as vectors in the transmission in microbial infection. Arthropods and their ecological importance.
  • Echinoderms: Characteristics, Evolutionary perspective, Relationships to other animals; echinoderm characteristics.

2. Animal Diversity-Chordata

  • Hemichordates and Invertebrate Chordates: Evolutionary Perspective: Phylogenetic Relationships and considerations.
  • Fishes: Structural and functional adaptations of fishes.
  • Amphibian: Movement onto land and early evolution of terrestrial vertebrates.
  • Reptiles: Characteristics of reptiles, adaptations in reptilians. Birds: Migration and navigation, adaptations.
  • Mammal: Structural and functional adaptations of mammals.

3. Principles of Animal Life

  • The chemical basis of animal life: Brief introduction to bio-molecules; carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
  • Cell concept and cell theory, Organization of cellular organelle (their structure and functions), Central dogma of cell biology (Transcription and Translation), Meiosis and Mitosis
  • Protozoa: Reproduction pattern on in protozoan, Parasitism in protozoan
  • Mesozoza and Parazoa: Porifera: Cells types, body wall and skeleton and water currents system, Coelenterata: Reproduction plan and alteration of generation (Polymorphism)
  • Tissues Types: epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue; organs and organ systems.
  • Enzymes function and factors affecting their activity, cofactors and coenzymes.
  •  Energy Harvesting: Aerobic and anaerobic respiration the major source of ATP.
  • Mendel’s law of inheritance, Chromosomal basis of inheritance, Multiple alleles, Eukaryotic chromosomes: Mutations and chromosomal aberrations.
  • Ecological Concepts: Interactions, Concepts and components of ecosystem, Food chain, Food web, Biogeochemical cycles, Forest, Biomes, Wildlife conservation and management, Environmental pollution, Green house effect, Acid rain, Global warming.
  • Evolution: Darwinian evolutionary theory based on natural selection and the evidence, Microevolution: Genetic variation and change within species, Macroevolution: Species and speciation (Allopatric, Parapatric and Sympatric speciation)

4. Animal Form and Function

  • Protection, Support and Movement: Integumentary system of invertebrates and vertebrates; Animal muscles: the muscular system of invertebrates and vertebrates.
  • Digestion and Nutrition: Feeding mechanism, Digestion, Organization and regional function of alimentary canals, Regulation of food intake, Nutritional requirements
  • Internal Fluids and Respiration: Internal fluid environment, Composition of blood, Circulation and respiration mechanisms
  • Homeostasis: Excretion, Vertebrate kidney mechanisms, Temperature regulation
  • Nervous Coordination: Nervous system and Sense: Functional units of nervous systems, Synapses junctions between nerves.
  • Chemical Coordination: Endocrine System; Vertebrate endocrine glands and types of hormones, Mechanism of hormones action,
  • Animal behavior: Learning, Habituation, Insight learning, latent learning, classical learning: Control of Behavior; social behavior

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