Él mismo confiesa todo esto en las primeras líneas de su obra. The ecclesiastical history of Socrates, surnamed Scholasticus, or the Advocate : comprising a history of the church, in seven books, from the accession of Constantine, A.D. 305, to the 38th year of Theodosius II., including a period of 140 years Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Socrates Scholasticus: the Manuscripts of the "Church History" The Church History of Socrates Scholasticus is a continuation of the Church History of Eusebius of Caesarea.. THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY ov SOCRATES, 8UBNAMED 8CHOLA8TICU8, OR THE ADVOCATE. No certainty exists as to Socrates' precise vocation, though it may be inferred from his work that he was a layman. Knowledge about the life of Socrates Scholasticus comes exclusively from his work Historia Ecclesiastica (Church History), which is, however, one of the most reliable works of historical writing. The contemporary historians Sozomen and Theodoret were combined with Socrates in a sixth-century compilation, which has obscured their differences until recently, when their individual portrayals of the series of Christian emperors were distinguished one from another and contrasted by Hartmut Leppin, Von Constantin dem Großen zu Theodosius II (Göttingen 1996). Sein Hauptwerk ist eine siebenbändige Kirchengeschichte (Ekklesiastike historia, lateinisch Historia ecclesiastica) in altgriechischer Sprache. I Sócrates de Constantinopla, el Escolástico (ss. with some accousrr df^ tme' author, and notes selected Valesius ostensibly revised the text of Stephens, but as a matter of fact he made a new collation of the ms. used by Stephens, and compared this with mss. (online editions: newadvent.org ccel.orgmunseys.com . Socrates Scholasticus Church historian; b. c. 380 (Constantinople), d. c. 450. Historia ecclesiastica tripartita: historiae ecclesiasticae ex Socrate, Sozomeno et Theodorito in unum collectae et nuper de Graeco in Latinum translatae libri numero duodecim Senator Cassiodorus apud Geroldi Filium Bibliopolam Academiae , 1952 - Church history - 766 pages Addeddate 2015-05-14 14:59:38 Identifier EUSEBIOHistoriaEclesistica Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t2797mc0n Ocr ABBYY FineReader 9.0 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.1 Sokratous scholastikou, Hermeiou Sozomenou ekklesiastike historia = Socratis scholastici, Hermiae Sozomeni historia ecclesiastica : accurante et denuo recognoscente J.-P. Migne (1864) (Reprint) (Softcover) and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. Examples of such accounts date from Greek and Roman times, but the best-known chronicles were written or compiled in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Corrections? He is careful not to use hyperbolic titles when referring to prominent personalities in the church and the government. Socrates' Ecclesiastical History. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. War arises between Constantine and Licinius on Account of the Christians. Él mismo confiesa todo esto en las primeras líneas de su libro. Get this from a library! Each book corresponds to the reign of an Eastern Roman emperor, from Constantine I (ad 306–337) to Theodosius II (408–450), and continues the church history of the 4th-century historian Eusebius of Caesarea. Paris 1668. History of Socrates' Work. The Ecclesiastical History of Socrates, Surnamed Scholasticus, Or the Advocate: Comprising a History of the Church, in Seven Books, from the Accession of Constantine, A.D. 305, to the 38th Year of Theodosius II., Including a Period of 140 Years I It was certainly used by Liberatus, the Carthaginian deacon, in his Breviarium caussæ Nestorianorum et Eutychianorum, and by Theodorus Anagnostes (Lector) in his Ecclesiastical History. The history covers the years 305 to 439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. The fundamental early modern edition, however, was produced by Henricus Valesius (Henri Valois) (Paris, 1668), who used the Codex Regius, a Codex Vaticanus, and a Codex Florentinus, and also employed the indirect tradition of Theodorus Lector (Codex Leonis Alladi). Chapter 1. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wallace. Even in ancient times nothing seems to have been known of his life except what can be gathered from notices in his Historia Ecclesiastica, which departed from its ostensible model, Eusebius of Caesarea, in emphasizing the place of the emperor in church affairs and in giving secular as well as church history. More recently (2004-2007) Socrates' History has been published in four bilingual volumes by Pierre Maraval [fr] in the Sources Chrétiennes collection. La Storia ecclesiastica (in latino Historia Ecclesiastica) di Socrate Scolastico è un libro di storia della Chiesa scritto in greco, relativo agli anni 305 - 439. The current critical edition is that of Hansen (1995). Through excerpts from the 6th-century Latin translation ascribed to Cassiodorus and Epiphanius, it provided the medieval Latin church with a major portion of its knowledge of early Christianity. He is the author of a Historia Ecclesiastica ("Church History", Ἐκκλησιαστική Ἱστορία) which covers the history of late ancient Christianity during the years 305 to 439. Before that the last edition was the Oxford edition of W. Bright (1893), reprinting the text of Husset (1853). Ecclesiastical dissensions occupy the foreground, for when the Church is at peace, there is nothing for the church historian to relate (7.48.7). The purpose of the history is to continue the work of Eusebius of Caesarea (1.1). Paris 1668. Socrates, also called Socrates Scholasticus, Greek Sokrates, (born c. 380, Constantinople—died c. 450), Byzantine church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. An English translation by A. C. Zenos was published in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. By what Means the Emperor Constantine became a Christian. Sócrates de Constantinopla, el Escolástico (ss. Historia Ecclesiastica Socratis, Scholastici, Hermiæ, Sozomeni, &c., ed. Updates? Socrates' account is in many respects well-balanced. I… The history covers the years 305-439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. His Historia ecclesiastica, completely extant, is an objective account, uninvolved in theological controversy, nonpartisan and fair in its treatment of heresies (especially the Novatianists, see nova tian and novatianism), yet in full accord with orthodox teaching. It relates in simple Greek language what the Church experienced from the days of Constantine to the writer's time. ; Socrates, Scholasticus; Rudolf Hanslik; Sozomen] … Philostorgius, historia ecclesiastica 10.6 Hieronymus, de viris illustribus 120 (Herding 62) Sozomenus, historia ecclesiastica 7.17 Socrates, historia ecclesiastica 5.20 (NPNF) Paulus of Constantinople (male) mid fourth century, d. c. 350 (from: --/--/337 to: --/--/350) Socrates asserts that he owed the impulse to write his work to a certain Theodorus, who is alluded to in the proemium to the second book as "a holy man of God" and seems therefore to have been a monk or one of the higher clergy. This attack, in which the Serapeum was vandalized and destroyed, is dated about 391. The purpose of the history is to continue the work of Eusebius of Caesarea (1.1). The history covers the years 305 to 439, and experts believe it was finished in 439 or soon thereafter, and certainly during the lifetime of Emperor Theodosius II, i.e., before 450. Socrates of Constantinople (Greek: Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός, b. c. 380; d. after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret.. It relates in simple Greek language what the Church experienced from the days of Constantineto the writer's time. in the Vatican, so that xix his edition amounts to an entirely new work. 67 (online at documentacatholicaomnia.eu). https://www.britannica.com/biography/Socrates-Byzantine-historian, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Socrates Scholasticus. Alexander Natalis; Bartholomew of Lucca, Historia Ecclesiastica Nova; Bede, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum Eusebius of Caesarea, Historia Ecclesiastica (4th century) Evagrius Scholasticus. Socrates of Constantinople (Greek: Σωκράτης ὁ Σχολαστικός;[1] c. 380 – after 439), also known as Socrates Scholasticus, was a 5th-century Christian church historian, a contemporary of Sozomen and Theodoret. Incorporating earlier sources verbatim and integrating conciliar proceedings with available letters of emperors and bishops, Socrates compiled a relatively impartial account of events that he sometimes embellished with expanded anecdotes from eyewitnesses. The Historia Ecclesiastica was first edited in Greek by Robert Estienne, on the basis of Codex Regius 1443 (Paris, 1544); a translation into Latin by Johannes Christophorson (1612) is important for its variant readings. Cassiodori-Epiphanii Historia ecclesiastica tripartita : historiae ecclesiasticae ex Socrate Sozomeno et Theodorito in unum collectae et nuper de Graeco in Latinum translatae libri numero duodecim. Ecclesiastical dissensions occupy the foreground, for when the Church is at peace, there is nothing for the church historian to relate (7.48.7). Historia Ecclesiastica (Latin, meaning "Church History") is the name of many different works, documenting the history of Christianity, including: . The Historia Ecclesiastica. The Ecclesiastical History of Scholasticus— Socrates Scholasticus Until the beginning of the fourth century historiography remained a pagan science. In his major work The Historia Ecclesiastica, Socrates wrote: “Hypatia of Alexandria, daughter of the philosopher Theon, made attainments in literature and science that far surpassed all the philosophers of her own time. Socrates' Ecclesiastical History was used, according to the best authorities, by Sozomen in the composition of his parallel history. Pero su proyecto es distinto y también su manera de abordar la cuestión. In later years he traveled and visited, among other places, Paphlagonia and Cyprus.[2]. The new critical edition of the text is edited by G. C. Hansen, and published in the series Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller (Berlin:Akademie Verlag) 1995. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Likely served as a basis for the Ecclesiastical History by Sozomen who wrote on the same era during a similar time period. Church Historycovers the years 305 to 439 AD. He is often assumed to have been a follower of Novatianism, but this is based on the fact that he gives a lot of details about the Novatianists, and speaks of them in generous terms, as he does of Arians and other groups. Socrates's work is particularly valuable because of verbatim quotation of sources. Church History, or the Historia Ecclesiastica, is a continuation of the historical work of Eusebius of Caesarea by the layman Socrates Scholasticus (who is also known as Socrates of Constantinople.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Historia ecclesiastica, the second edition of which is still completely extant, encompasses religious and secular annals of the period in seven books. He was born in Constantinople. COMPKISTKO A HISTORY OF THE CHURCH, IN SEVEN BOOKS, FROM THE ACCESSION OF CONSTANTINE, A. D. 305, TO THE 38th YEAR OF THEODOSIUS II., INCLUDING A PERIOD OF 140 YEARS. Anthemius the Prætorian Prefect administers the Government of the East in Behalf of Young Theodosius. The traditional epithet "Socrates Scholasticus" is not well-founded in any early tradition, according to his most recent editor, Theresa Urbainczyk, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Greek Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Graeca with analytical indexes, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Socrates_of_Constantinople&oldid=982778703, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2019, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 08:47. Book I. He speaks of himself as belonging to the Church.[3]. [Cassiodorus; Walter Jacob; Theodoret, Bishop of Cyrrhus. A broad consensus exists among modern scholars that the role of the devil in Socrates's ‘Historia Ecclesastica’ is limited and that he explains the origins of religious controversy in terms of human causation. A legal consultant, Socrates was the first known layman to write church history. The only source of information available about Socrates (c. 380-450) is his Church History, so little is known about this historian. After the death of Arcadius on the first of May, during the consulate of Bassus and Philip, his brother Honorius still governed the Western parts of the empire; but the administration of the East devolved on his son Theodosius the Younger, then only eight years old. A revolt, accompanied by an attack on the pagan temples, had forced them to flee. The text was edited in Patrologia Graeca vol. It is not proved that Socrates of Constantinople later profited by the teaching of the sophist Troilus. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. Henricus Valesius. Pero su proyecto es diferente y también su forma de abordar la cuestión. IV-V d. C.), con su Historia eclesiástica, del mismo modo que Sozómeno y Teodoreto de Ciro, se propuso continuar el trabajo realizado por Eusebio de Cesarea. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). These were composed in…. The Historia Ecclesiastica is one of the few sources of information about Hypatia, the female mathematician and philosopher of Alexandria. 2. In spite of its archaic translation, Socrates Scholasticus offers a surprisingly well-balanced treatment of the 130+ years after the conversion of Emperor Constantine. This item: The Ecclesiastical History of Socrates Scholasticus by Socrates Paperback $10.92 A History of the Church in Five Books by Theodoret Paperback $8.80 A History of the Church in Nine Books by Sozomen Paperback $11.69 Customers who viewed this item also viewed IV-V d. C.), con su Historia eclesiástica, al igual que Sozómeno y Teodoreto de Ciro, se propuso continuar el trabajo realizado por Eusebio de Cesarea. Socrates probably spent most of his life in Constantinople working as a legal expert or advocate, which accounts for his being called “Scholasticus.” He belonged to a circle of scholars in Constantinople. In Socrates …church historian whose annotated chronicle, Historia ecclesiastica (“Ecclesiastical History”), is an indispensable documentary source for Christian history from 305 to 439. Omissions? La Storia ecclesiastica (in latino Historia Ecclesiastica) di Socrate Scolastico è un libro di storia della Chiesa scritto in greco, relativo agli anni 305-439.. Datazione. Socrates' Ecclesiastical History. Tyrannius Rufinus, translating Eusebius Introduction to the Work. Chronicle, a usually continuous historical account of events arranged in order of time without analysis or interpretation. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1890.) In the preface to Book 5, Socrates defends dealing with Arianism and with political events in addition to writing about the church. Socrates of Constantinople - The Historia Ecclesiastica. The purpose of the history is to continue the work of Eusebius of Caesarea (1.1). Socrates' teachers, noted in his prefaces, were the grammarians Helladius and Ammonius, who came to Constantinople from Alexandria, where they had been pagan priests. While Constantine favors the Christians, Licinius, his Colleague, persecutes them. With the exception of the Acts of the Apostles and its apocryphal imitations, no sort of attempt had been made to record even the annals of the Christian Church. 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