*FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice Stephen Morse, Nora McNamara (auth.) . The gestion de terroir approach has a longer history than the SLA and as such has many potential lessons to teach. Under the Basic Needs Approach, development was redefined as a broad-based, people-oriented or endogenous process, as a critique of modernisation and as a break with past development theory. This Sustainable Livelihoods Highlights Brief looks at a series of six seminars, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council from 2008-11, which brought together practitioners, policymakers and researchers to reflect on the development and adaptation of SLAs, and debate their value in addressing current development challenges. Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, a key component of SLAs, is used here as a tool of analysis to identify barriers and constraints to livelihood aspirations. sustainable livelihoods approach. Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice by Morse, Stephen and McNamara, Nora available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. sustainable livelihood approach and to find out the relationship between the livelihood assets and enterprise of SME owners. 3. . 2.3 Donor practices in the early 1990s. In essence it is a way of putting people at the centre of development, thereby increasing the effectiveness of development assistance. The livelihood approach is an important actor-oriented perspective in development studies, including geography of development, which strongly influenced development oriented research and development practice. The livelihoods framework is a way of looking at the complexity of people's livelihoods, especially the livelihoods of the poor, whether they be rural or urban. 5. It involves financial capital, natural capital, human capital, physical capital and social capital (Rural Livelihood Systems). The sustainable livelihoods approach has been criticised for being too micro/household focused. This framework addresses the impacts of environmental hazards and shocks. The Development of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. 4.2 Evolution of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach ..... 108 4.3 Overview of the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF)..... 111 4.4 A Critique of the SL Approach ..... 118 4.5. While these critiques are useful, there is also a sense in which they remain confined within the bounds of rural development, missing how the broader context may change … Kolkata 700 104 Social Policy and the Transformative Potential of the SDGs, special issue of the Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy. 4. Some of the key lessons from previous livelihoods and conservation-focused research are explored as well as some future entry points for livelihoods and conservation research. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework • It’s ONE WAY of “organising” the complex issues surrounding POVERTY • It’s NOT the ONLY WAY • It needs to be: o Modified o Adapted o Made appropriate to local circumstances o Made appropriate to local priorities. A political economy critique Over the past twenty years the ‘sustainable livelihoods’ approach to development policy and planning has become a highly influential, if not dominant, framework for academic analyses of the challenges facing rural development. A Critique of the SL Approach In this section of the paper our purpose is to raise some concerns with the SL approach. 2.1 The Brundtland Commission and the first UNDP Human Development Report. 2009 for a useful overview of the debates and critiques of livelihoods approaches). Livelihoods, Sustainability and Capitalism: an Impossible Combination? The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. Critiques of such attempts have considered how men also need to be enrolled in the project of challenging gender inequalities and whether the inclusion of women further burdens them with responsibility for development. IAN SCOONES: Well, thanks for the invitation and yes, the original paper that you mentioned did have a lot of . But how can we apply the principles of sustainability in the real world, at the sharp end of communities in developing nations where income insecurity is the troubled norm? Acronyms v. Executive Summary vi. 2.2 The livelihoods framework. The sustainable livelihoods approach is an emerging and evolving approach to rural development, with a great potential to learn from other approaches in the field, and to successfully apply those in the battle against rural poverty. Uses, values and critiques of the approach are also summarized. Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice [Morse, Stephen, McNamara, Nora] on Amazon.com. concepts, and several definitions and frameworks of livelihoods. Firstly, the SLA was in tune with wider shifts in approaches to development through the 1980s and 1990s; towards a focus on human-wellbeing and sustainability rather than economic growth. Sustainable Livelihood Approach: A Critique of Theory and Practice The gestion de terroir approach has a longer history than the SLA and as such has many potential lessons to teach. 1. There are inherent tensions in integrated and holistic concepts such as sustainable livelihoods and sustainable development since there are constant trade-offs between different elements and goals. The sustainable livelihoods approach is an emerging and evolving approach to rural development, with a great potential to learn from other approaches in the field, and to successfully apply those in the battle against rural poverty. The livelihoods approach was a response to overtly technical and technocratic approaches to rural development, which were concerned primarily with improving the efficiency and productivity of agricultural practices in developing countries. The SLA contends that urban communities should become planners, initiators and executors of local development in order for any transformation to occur. Urban communities have to change their behaviour and attitudes, be willing to accept change, and to take ownership of the projects. What are ‘sustainable rural livelihoods’? Posted April 30, 2020 March 28, 2020 admin. A Critique of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Runa Sarkar Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta D. H. Road, Joka, P.O. With the development of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) the British government's Department for International Development (DFID) formulates a new way of thinking about the objectives, scope and priorities for development. In response, a sustainable livelihoods approach is proposed as a practical means of understanding the complex livelihood strategies employed by indigenous populations. 3 & 4 Pogge and Sengupta “A Critique of the Sustainable Development Goals’ Potential to Realize the Human Rights of All: Why being better than the MDGs is not good enough,” in Bob Deacon ed. The Framework used can be understood as a tool or checklist to understand poverty in responding to poor people’s views and their own understanding of poverty. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development – Ian Scoones ... earlier work advocating for a livelihoods approach in rural development and so you’ve returned to this theme. Introduction. nomic conditions), what com- the ‘sustainable livelihoods Written over nine chapters, bination of livelihood resources approach’ (SLA), sets out to the book covers a lot of ground (different kinds of capital) revamp and revitalize liveli- in relatively few pages, and so is result in the ability to follow hoods thinking and methods concise and to the point. In a number of ways, the sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) was well aligned with its political and institutional context. You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. The study drew primarily on secondary information sources and discussions with key people, both in and outside Cambodia. Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of this approach. We all view the ubiquitous term ‘sustainability’ as a worthwhile goal. Kolkata 700 104 Anup Sinha Professor, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta D. H. Road, Joka, P.O. 2. Tell us what has motivated you to come back to this and write this book now. The BNA gained momentum in the mid 1970s and had poverty alleviation as a key objective. It seeks to understand the various dimensions of a person's livelihood; the strategies and objectives pursued, and associated opportunities and constraints. The book’s central conclusion is that we must move beyond the concept of sustainable livelihood itself, with its in-built polarities between developed and developing nations, and embrace a more global notion of ‘sustainable lifestyle’; a more nuanced and inclusive approach that encompasses not just how we make a sustainable living, but how we can live sustainable lives. This chapter. 1. Acknowledgements iv. ii . The study fed into the wider process of developing a country strategy paper (CSP). Coastal Livelihoods in Northern Norway: Sustainable Development of Small-Scale Fishers and Sámi A Thesis Presented to The Centre for Sámi Studies The Arctic University of Norway In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Philosophy Indigenous Studies (SVF-3904) by Peter Michael Miller May 2017 . the livelihoods approach, and what its strengths and its weaknesses are. Essay on Sustainable Livelihood Framework/Approach. This paper deals with the original outlines of that approach and its subsequent critique and evolution. The SLA's core … 2.2 Chambers and Conway (1992) and its precursors. Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking. This paper presents a critical, academic review of the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) approach to development, beginning with a presentation of the central SRL tenets and their origins, and proceeding to a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the academic literature, particularly in relation to theoretical consistency. 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