Her total of 10 career space walks and their combined duration of 60 hours 21 minutes were records for a female astronaut. In 1997, Whitson began a position as adjunct assistant professor at Rice University in the Maybee Laboratory for Biochemical and Genetic Engineering. Peggy Whitson was born on the 9th of February 1960 in Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S. She is the daughter of Keith Whitson and Beth Whitson. In 2017, she broke the record for the longest single space flight by a woman. Chris Hadfield. Peggy Whitson is a astronaut from Iowa, United States. Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Peggy Whitson is an American astronaut who was born on February 9, 1960. [23] From November 2003 to March 2005, she served as deputy chief of the Astronaut Office. She was the first woman and the first civilian to hold that position. She became a qualified flight specialist in 1998. Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.) flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. [15], Whitson returned to earth on September 3, 2017 having accrued a total of 665 days in space over the course of her career; the equivalent of a hypothetical round trip to Mars, making her NASA's most experienced astronaut to date. [37][38] During the mission, she broke the record for cumulative time spent in space by a U.S. astronaut, surpassing the previous record of 534 days set by Jeff Williams. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. On April 24, 2017, Whitson broke the record for cumulative total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut, at more than 534 days. [39] In early April 2017, her mission was extended by an additional 3 months at the International Space Station. Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemist and astronaut who holds the record for most total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut. The Expedition 5 crew launched on June 5, 2002, aboard STS-111 and docked with the International Space Station on June 7, 2002. From April 1988 until September 1989, Whitson served as the Supervisor for the Biochemistry Research Group at KRUG International, a medical sciences contractor at NASA-JSC. Peggy Whitson Biography. She is married to Clarence F. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [16] She is ranked eighth on the list of total time spent in space. Peggy Whitson was born on February 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, in southwestern Iowa. She is also the first woman astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. Peggy Whitson, Actress: Pete Yorn: I Wanna Be the One. Peggy Whitson, in full Peggy Annette Whitson, (born February 9, 1960, Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S.), American biochemist and astronaut, who was the first female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) and who holds the record among American astronauts and among women for spending the most time in space, nearly 666 days. Med opsendelsen med Ekspedition 50/51 blev Whitson i en alder af 56 år den ældste kvinde i rummet. American biochemistry researcher and NASA astronaut, NASA Sustained Superior Performance Award, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Astronauts and Cosmonauts with EVA Experience (sorted by "EVA Time")", "Space Station Astronauts Prepare for Crew Swap", "Astronauts Ponder State of Space Exploration", "Female Space Commanders Available for Interviews", "Female commanders set for landmark mission", "Peggy Whitson Breaks Spacewalking Record", "Whitson Becomes World's Oldest Female Spacewalker, as EVA-38 Replaces Aging Space Station Batteries", https://plus.google.com/+travelandleisure/posts, "Peggy Whitson, Oldest Woman Astronaut, Sets New Spacewalk Record | Travel + Leisure", "Astronaut Peggy Whitson Sets NASA Record For Most Days In Space", "Soyuz MS-04 lands as Peggy Whitson ends record-breaking mission", "Christina Koch Completes 328-Day Mission in Space – Space Station", "Astronaut Peggy Whitson returns to Earth after record-breaking spaceflight", "Record-Setting NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson Retires", "Peggy Whitson: The World's 100 Most Influential People", "NASA Boss Names Whitson ISS 'Science Officer, "Soyuz TMA-11 launches carrying Expedition 16", "Russian rocket launches first Malaysian into space", "Whitson describes rough Soyuz entry and landing", "Soyuz crew endures severe G-forces on re-entry", "Astronauts make 100th station spacewalk", "Spacewalkers Find No Solar Wing Smoking Gun", "Welcome Aboard! Peggy Whitson is an American Astronaut and Biochemist. Peggy A. Whitson, enginyera de vol de l'Expedició 5 vestida amb un equip rus preparada per una activitat extra-vehicular (EVA). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. From 1993 through 1996, Whitson held the additional responsibilities of the deputy division chief of the Medical Sciences Division at NASA-JSC. Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. Astronaut. [18], Whitson was included in Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People of 2018. Bio. [19], Whitson grew up on a farm outside the town of Beaconsfield, Iowa with her sister, Kathy and her parents, Keith and Beth. She was born on February 9, 1960 in Mount Ayre, IA. Her second space flight was on Soyu… With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Peggy Whitson - Biography. She was Deputy Chief of NASA Astronaut Office (November 2003 until March 2005). She is also a biochemistry researcher. She is a biochemist by training; but today, she has made a name for herself as a NASA Astronaut. [16][17], On June 15, 2018, Whitson announced her retirement from the agency, effective on the same day. They had two daughters: the oldest, Kathy; the youngest, Peggy. Peggy Whitson was born in February 1960 in Iowa, USA. [29] She spent 191 days, 19 hrs and 8 mins in space on this mission.[30]. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Her first space mission was in 2002 with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. This made an empty seat, so Whitson’s mission was extended by three months to take that seat. Three hours and 37 minutes into the spacewalk, Whitson surpassed NASA astronaut Sunita Williams with a total time at that point of 29 hours and 18 minutes. The re-entry was remarkable for the failure of the Soyuz propulsion module to separate properly, and the subsequent "ballistic reentry" which subjected the crew to forces about eight times that of Earth surface gravity. [32] Her sixth spacewalk, also during Expedition 16, brought her cumulative EVA time to 39 hours, 46 minutes, which ranked her 23rd for total EVA time as of November 2009. [3], From 1992 to 1995, she served as project scientist for the Shuttle-Mir Program and, until her selection as an astronaut candidate in 1996, as deputy division chief for the Medical Sciences division at the Johnson Space Center.[3]. Peggy Whitson was chosen as an astronaut candidate in 1996, and her training commenced the same year. 105K likes. Updates? [2] She is also the oldest female astronaut ever in space, at age 57. On Expedition 16, she became the first female commander of the International Space Station. [10] Whitson's cumulative EVA time is 60 hours, 21 minutes, which places her in 4th place for total EVA time. During her six-month stay aboard the Space Station, Whitson installed the Mobile Base System, the S1 truss segment, and the P1 truss segment using the space station remote manipulator system; performed a 4-hour and 25 minute spacewalk in a Russian Orlan space suit to install micrometeoroid shielding on the Zvezda Service Module; and activated and checked out the Microgravity Sciences Glovebox, a facility class payload rack. She also participated in joint efforts between American and Soviet (later Russian) scientists. After a short delay due to leaking equipment, they replaced an avionics box on the starboard truss called an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier (ELC), a storage platform. Peggy Whitson is a retired NASA astronaut and a former NASA Chief Astronaut. She flew into space for the first time on June 5, 2002, as a flight engineer on Expedition 5 to the ISS, aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on mission STS-111. She is a celebrity astronaut. Peggy Whitson biography on Space.com. The first female commander of the ISS, Whitson supervised and directed a significant expansion of the living and working space on the ISS, including the installation of components made by European, Japanese, and Canadian space agencies. Whitson returned to earth on September 3, 2017, after she accrued a total of 665 days in space over the course of her career. At age 57, she was also the oldest woman to go into space. Whitson now holds the record for the oldest female spacewalker, and is now tied with the record for total spacewalks by a woman (seven), along with Sunita Williams. Although she had been working with NASA since 1989 in various biochemistry-related positions, her first space mission was in 2002 as a member of Expedition 5 onboard the International Space Station. NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson. [12], In June 2017, Whitson broke the record for the longest single space flight by a woman which had previously been held by Samantha Cristoforetti at 199 days, 16 hours. She is … About. Cedar Falls astronaut talks about goals of new Moon mission, Mars and more Her parents, Keith and Beth Whitson, owned a farm on the outskirts of Beaconsfield, a small town located near Mount Ayr. Her second mission, Expedition 16, launched October 10, 2007, on Soyuz TMA-11. From 1991 through 1992, she was the payload element developer for Bone Cell Research Experiment (E10) aboard SL-J (STS-47), and was a member of the US-USSR Joint Working Group in Space Medicine and Biology. Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut,[3] and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Over her career, she accrued a cumulative time of over 665 days in space, the most of any U.S. astronaut, most of any woman worldwide, and eighth most all-time. She is married to Clarence Sams. Do … Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. The crew of Soyuz TMA-11 had a difficult and dangerous ride back to Earth; the Soyuz’s equipment module failed to separate properly from the reentry module, and so the craft followed an unusually steep descent trajectory. In 1986 she moved to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston as a research associate and later worked as the supervisor for the Biochemistry Research Group at KRUG International, a NASA medical sciences contractor at the JSC. What exactly is a quasar? Continue to next page below to see how much is Peggy Whitson really worth, including net worth, estimated earnings, and salary for 2019 and 2020. She is an actress, known for Pete Yorn: I Wanna Be the One (2020), Thomas Pesquet: L'odyssée de l'Espace (2017) and Thomas Pesquet, l'envoyé spatial (2017). [26][27][28] Along with her Expedition 16 crew member Yuri Malenchenko and spaceflight participant Yi So-yeon, she returned to Earth in Soyuz TMA-11 on April 19, 2008. Website. Read Peggy Whitson’s fun and insightful journal entries from her time on the International Space Station in 2007-08. On April 10, 2017, she became commander of the ISS Expedition 51 mission, which lasted until June 2. The crew made an extremely hard landing, which missed the target by 470 km (300 miles). Learn-At-Home Activities and Experiences. On Expedition 16, she became the first female commander of the International Space Station. Omissions? She earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry. Peggy Whitson is a NASA Astronaut and Biochemist. Peggy Annette Whitson (lahir 9 Februari 1960; umur 60 tahun) adalah seorang peneliti biokimia Amerika Serikat yang mendapat gelar sarjana biologi dan kimia dari Iowa Wesleyan College pada 1981 dan gelar doktor bidang biokimia dari Rice University pada1985. Whitson has also served twice as the Commander of the International Space Station.[24]. Astronaut Born in Iowa #2. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [11], In 2017, Whitson became the first female astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. From November 2003 to March 2005, she served as deputy chief of the Astronaut in June 2003. Whitson on ensimmäinen Kansainvälisen avaruusaseman komentajana toiminut nainen ja hän on pisimpään avaruudessa ollut yhdysvaltalainen. Her fiancee is Clarence F. Sams (m. 1989). Astronaut. During the six-month mission she also performed five space walks to carry out maintenance and assembly tasks. Peggy Whitson Fans Also Viewed . Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut.Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5.Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. Complete Peggy Whitson 2017 Biography. [13][14] The record was broken by Christina Koch, whose single space flight lasted 328 days. Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.) flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. After completing two years of training, she worked in various technical positions at the Operations Planning branch of NASA’s Astronaut Office. Following completion of … She then went on to earn her doctorate degree in biochemistry from Rice University in 1986,[22] and following completion of her graduate work, continued at Rice as a Robert A Welch Post-doctoral Fellow until October 1986. She made four space walks on which station components were maintained or replaced. After spending nearly 192 days in space, Whitson returned to Earth aboard Soyuz TMA-11 on April 19, 2008. During the EVA, they installed three new adapter plates and hooked up electrical connectors preparing the way to replace the ISS batteries. The veteran astronaut has an incredible list of record-breaking accomplishments to her name: first woman to command the International Space Station twice (2008 and 2013); first nonmilitary Chief Astronaut and most space walks (10) of any female astronaut, the most spacewalks completed by a woman and third most of any spacefarer at 665 days. 60 Year Olds. She flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. She was on her third long-duration space flight and was the commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 51, before handin… Peggy Whitson is a NASA astronaut. [44], On May 23, 2017, Whitson performed her tenth career EVA with Fischer. Although she had been working with NASA since 1989 in various biochemistry-related positions, her first space mission was in 2002 as a member of Expedition 5 onboard the International Space Station. 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