Evidence of direct trade and interaction with Mesopotamia. But the upper classes preferred a God– nude with two horns, much similar to Pashupati Shiva. The main streets and roads were set in a line, sometimes running straight for a mile, and were varying in width from 4 … Raw materials for these came from different sources: gold from north Karnataka, silver and Lapis Lazuli from Afghanistan and Iran, copper from Khetri and Baluchistan, etc. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The Great Bath was probably used for ritual bathing. Single room barracks just below the walls of the citadels for the labourers and factory workers. The civilization was first discovered in 1920 while laying of the Lahore Multan railway line. Indus Valley Civilization. It is interchangeably also referred to as the Harappan civilization, due to its association with Harappa which was the first city to be discovered in Punjab, Pakistan. For making bronze, copper was obtained from Khetri in Rajasthan and from Baluchistan and tin from Afghanistan. ENROLL. Food grains were stored in granaries. We get some idea of the size of population that lived in any of the Harappan cities from the studies conducted. Evidence of double burial (burying a male and    a female in a single grave) found in three graves whereas in Kalibangan one such grave has been found and evidence of games similar to modern day chess and An instrument for measuring 180, 90, 45 degree angles (the instrument points to modern day compass). Clay pipes led from the bathrooms to sewers located under the streets. The script is not alphabetical but pictographic (about 600 undeciphered pictographs). The civilization dates back to around 3300 BC. A human head with long oval eyes, thick lower lips, receding forehead and straight pointed nose. Mohenjodaro had a population of about 35,000. It is Well-knit external and internal trade. Naveen Jain. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. Dead bodies were placed in the north-south orientation. Town Planning: The excavations of the ruins showed a remarkable skill in town planning. It flourished in 2500 BC. In later cultures, various elements of the IVC are found which suggests that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. Flanking the streets, lanes and by-lanes were well-planned houses. The Harappan culture lasted for around 1000 years. Harappan civilization [since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization [it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. 08 Jul 2019; 0 min read; Tags: GS Paper - 1; Ancient Indian History ; Send To My Progress Send To My Bookmarks Print PDF. The Mesopotamian records from about 2350 B.C. About Prelims Marathon – In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. 2700- BC.1900 ie. The methodology of system of governance as well as the institutions is something that is least known to the present […] Complete Indus Valley Civilisation Part - 1 UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. The remains of Kot-Diji suggest that the city existed in the first half of the third millennium B.C. The development patterns, social, cultures and economy of this civilization prove that the Indus Civilization was an urban civilization . Unicorns were also worshipped. The Citadel comprised of public buildings whereas the lower part comprised of public dwellings. The Indus people were the first to produce cotton in the world. The standard Harappa seal was a square or oblong plaque made of steatite stone. Indus Valley Civilization Ancient India History Notes for APSC, UPSC & other Exams. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. Aryans invaded and conquered the IVC. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. Burnt bricks of good quality were used for building material except in Rangpur and Kalibangan. Around 3300 BC has established the civilization of the Indus Valley. Written by: ForumIAS Posted on December 3rd, 2020 Last modified on December 16th, 2020 Comments Views : 3,779. Read more about Indus Valley Civilization, town planning in IVC and other IVC facts for IAS Exam. This is also known as Harappan Civilization after the first city to be excavated, which is Harappa (Punjab, Pakistan). Anuj Kumar. Indus Valley Civilization (Indian History) 66. By 1400 B… Most Important UPSC IAS topics for UPSC Exam... UPSC Mains Test Series ! Scholars believe that the largest Harappan city i.e. 69. Example- In Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Lothal was an important trade centre of the Harap- pan culture. and were generally cubical in shape. Otherwise, they used to take recourse to black magic, amulets etc. Amri also gives evidence of pre-Harappan settlement. Excavations at the site suggest that the city was destructed by force. A large granary (the largest building of Mohenjodaro) which suggests extreme centralization as the ruling authorities must have first brought the agricultural produce here and then redistributed it. Domestication of animals was done on a large scale. It was enclosed by a thick (13 m in Harappa) crenellated mud brick wall. Houses were made of stone. Lamp posts at intervals indicate the existence of street lighting. Some of the specific findings during the excavations of Mohen- jodaro include: The famous Harappan site is considered the eastern boundary of the Indus culture. 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