(C) The security of allies and partners of the United States. Systematically mapping these alternative discourses potentially provides a useful taxonomy of the climate change–security relationship in practice. Rising sea levels linked to climate change cause coastal erosion and loss of arable land. SUMMARY . U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link (January 26, 2019) The Pentagon calls climate change a national security threat (January 18, 2019) 106 Lawmakers urge Trump: Restore climate change in national security strategy (January 16, 2018) Select sites and journal articles: The Center for Climate & Security L'agriculture intelligente face au climat a pour objet de renforcer la capacité des systèmes agricoles de contribuer à la sécurité alimentaire, en intégrant le besoin d'adaptation et le potentiel d'atténuation dans les stratégies de développement de l'agriculture durable. (June 20, 2019). Rising seas threaten future refugee crises in Southeast Asia. The concept of 'climate refugee' Towards a possible definition . Pour le School Climate Center [CoHen, MCCabe et alii, 2009], « le climat scolaire renvoie à la qua-lité et au style de vie à l’école. Define (1) CLIMATE SECURITY.—The term . climate security (1) Climate security The term “climate security” means the effects of climate change on the following: (A) The national security of the United States, including national security infrastructure. The increase in temperatures is causing warming of oceans, melting of ice mass and an increase in evaporation. I extend my gratitude to the Social and Political Drivers Coalition and the Group of Friends on Climate and Security for the invitation to speak at this very important pre-Summit event. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2013.01.002. Le « climat scolaire » : définition, effets et conditions d’amélioration. PART 1 PART 2 PART 3. iii Introduction Over the past six decades world agriculture has become considerably more efficient. Chapter 16 of the National Climate Assessment: Climate Effects on U.S. International Interests, The Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change on Department of Defense Installations on Atolls in the Pacific Ocean, 2017, Department of Defense Climate Change Adaptation Road Map, 2014, Department of Defense Quadrennial Defense Review, 2014. The Worldwide Threat Assessment also highlighted the risk of tensions between Russia and China as sea routes open up in the Arctic and the rush for natural resources at the top of the world increases. The adverse impact of these physical changes due to global warming is now becoming visible on the biologi… Climate change poses security risks, according to decades of intelligence reports: Intelligence analysts have agreed since the late 80s that climate change poses serious security risks. National Survey On Global Warming. Yet as the range of voices articulating the need to conceive and approach climate change as a security issue has expanded, so too has the range of … The rise in global temperature is changing several other weather patterns. Définition de l'Agriculture intelligente face au climat. four environmental dimensions of energy security—climate change, air pollution, water availability and quality, and land-use change—and the environmental impact of 13 energy systems on each are discussed in this paper. 30 demonstrators were killed in clashes with the security forces over the weekend. A drying East Africa fuels ongoing conflicts over natural resources in Somalia and Kenya. How does climate change affect food security? Global climate change has been increasingly defined as a security threat by a range of political actors and analysts. Climate-change … Coverage of the 2019 release of the Defense Department report on climate change and military operations: Pentagon Confirms Climate Change Is A National Security Threat, Contradicting Trump: The military walks a fine line between the White House’s official climate denialism and the stark realities of a warming planet. Discussions generally fall into two areas: the impacts of warming on conflicts between nations and among ethnic groups within nations, and the impacts of warming on U.S. military infrastructure and operations. Food security and climate change have strong gender and equity dimensions (high confidence). Climate Change is the defining issue of our time and we are at a defining moment. Below are links to several key articles, reports, and organizations focused on this important and complex topic: Coverage of the 2019 release of the Worldwide Threat Assessment: U.S. Intelligence Officials Warn Climate Change Is a Worldwide Threat: Their annual assessment says climate hazards such as extreme weather, droughts, floods, wildfires and sea level rise threaten infrastructure, health and security. Yet as the range of voices articulating the need to conceive and approach climate change as a security issue has expanded, so too has the range of ways in which this link has been conceptualized. Climate security is an extension of environmental security. Offshore Oil Drilling in the Arctic. Extreme weather events, worsened by accelerated sea-level rise, will hit some areas particularly hard – including South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Western Hemisphere. ► The paper maps national, human, international and ecological climate security discourses. In the early post–Cold War era, the national security community viewed environmental security as related to contamination caused by former Soviet military activities, or as the threats to […] Among them: In the United States Africa Command, rainy season flooding and drought and desertification can complicate the execution of missions. A New Discourse: Climate Change in the Face of a Shifting U.S. Energy Portfolio . CNA prepared a report, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, that described how climate change is a threat multiplier for instability. The U.S. Définition de la sécurité alimentaire « La sécurité alimentaire existe lorsque tous les êtres humains ont, à tout moment, un accès physique ou économique à une nourriture suffisante, saine et nutritive leur permettant de satisfaire leurs besoins énergétiques et leurs préférences alimentaires pour mener une vie saine et active »5. The Climate in Security Act (CISA, S.2191) is a climate change bill introduced before the 110th the US Senate by Senators Joe Lieberman and John Warner. These documents explain that climate change acts as an “accelerant of instability” and a “threat multiplier” in fragile political and security situations, and has created new security domains, where geopolitical rivals will compete for influence and control. Environmental security has taken on new meaning in the twenty-first century as sustainability and natural resource protection have become essential elements of national security and foreign policy. Climate change alone does not cause wars. (The Lawfare Institute) (January 7, 2019), The national security impacts of climate change (Journal of National Security Law & Policy) (December 19, 2018), Why climate change is a national security issue (JSTOR Daily) (October 25, 2018), © 2021 Yale Climate Connections | Created by Constructive, Flooding in low-lying Norfolk, Virginia, now a chronic problem, Global demand for U.S. military assistance increasing as weather grows more extreme, A transition to renewable energy will strengthen national security, Navy veteran says, The risk of gender-based violence grows after weather disasters, U.S. Intelligence Officials Warn Climate Change Is a Worldwide Threat, Pentagon Confirms Climate Change Is A National Security Threat, Contradicting Trump, Chapter 16 of the National Climate Assessment, The Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change on Department of Defense Installations on Atolls in the Pacific Ocean, Department of Defense Climate Change Adaptation Road Map, Department of Defense Quadrennial Defense Review, Why climate change is a ‘threat multiplier’, Climate change poses security risks, according to decades of intelligence reports, Retired Navy rear admiral calls extreme weather a national security threat, New monthly video explores climate, drought, and national security, Trump skepticism: Pompeo ‘can’t rank’ climate change on list of national security threats, Hearing on climate change and national security becomes an angry partisan clash, Germany pushes climate change as security risk, White House climate panel to include a climate denialist, U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link, The Pentagon calls climate change a national security threat, Climate change and national security, Part I, Climate change and national security, Part II, The national security impacts of climate change, Why climate change is a national security issue. climate se- curity’ means the effects of climate change on the follo ing: The article concludes by suggesting that the most powerful discourses of climate security are unlikely to inform a progressive or effective response to global climate change. ► Discourses of climate security inform political responses to climate change. But more importantly, it serves to illustrate how particular responses to climate change (and the actors articulating them) are enabled or constrained by the ways in which the relationship between security and climate change is understood. Climate change threatens more land, people, and economies in Asia and small Pacific island states than any other part of the planet. Given the increasing prominence of climate security representations and the different implications of these discourses, it is important to consider whether we can identify progressive discourses of climate security: approaches to this relationship underpinned by defensible ethical assumptions and encouraging effective responses to climate change. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. According to statistics published by Internal the Displacement Monitoring Centre, every year since 2008, an average of 26.4 million persons around the world have beenforcibly displaced by floods, windstorms, earthquakes or droughts. Meanwhile, a warming climate is significantly impeding military testing and training, with an increased number of suspended, delayed, or canceled outdoor events – particularly at installations in the United States’ Southeast and Southwest. (November 12, 2018), New monthly video explores climate, drought, and national security: A number of current and likely future “geopolitical hotspots” are facing increased climate-related stresses, heightening concerns among military experts and policy makers. A new approach to security risks to function as a threat multiplier and climate-related security risk-management is thus accelerant to instability, contributing to escalating required, giving particular attention to the cycles of humanitarian and socio-political crises, high-end and difficult-to-quantify “fat-tail” conflict and forced migration. Water and food insecurity made worse by heat waves, droughts, and floods are already increasing the risk of conflict in Egypt, Ethiopia, Iraq, and Jordan, according to the report. At Naval Base Guam, flooding driven by sea-level rise can negatively affect submarine squadron operations, telecommunications, and other support activities for naval operations. These effects are having several physical impacts such as sea level rise and increased variability in weather patterns and extreme weather events. (November 10, 2015), Trump skepticism: Pompeo ‘can’t rank’ climate change on list of national security threats (May 5, 2019), Hearing on climate change and national security becomes an angry partisan clash (April 9, 2019), Germany pushes climate change as security risk (April 6, 2019), White House climate panel to include a climate denialist (February 20, 2019), U.N. warns climate change impacts security, U.S. ignores link (January 26, 2019), The Pentagon calls climate change a national security threat (January 18, 2019), 106 Lawmakers urge Trump: Restore climate change in national security strategy (January 16, 2018), Climate change and national security, Part I: What is the threat, when’s it coming, and how bad will it be? Climate change is a high-probability, high-impact security threat that will continue to accelerate over the coming decades, with a wide range of implications for the geostrategic environment. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 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