Rhône River, historic river of Switzerland and France and one of the most significant waterways of Europe.It is the only major river flowing directly to the Mediterranean Sea and is thoroughly Alpine in character. Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) The French Rhône valley is divided into the upper Rhône valley, stretching from the Swiss border to Lyon, and the lower Rhône valley, from Lyon to the Mediterranean.) It is the only major river flowing directly to the Mediterranean Sea and is thoroughly Alpine in character. Arrow, where it joins the powerful streams, is a compound of two contrasting shades of mountain rivers. Food Aus dem 200 km langen Teilstück der Rhône zwischen Vienne und Avignon, Frankreich, kommen eine ganze Reihe hochwertiger Weine.Das Weinbaugebiet Rhône gilt als die älteste Weinregion Frankreichs. These sediments were instrumental in cutting deep channels through the edge of the crystalline Massif Central, as evidenced at Vienne and Tain. A Brief History of the Rhône River https://www.britannica.com/place/Rhone-River, Rhône River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Rhône River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 1. Read More First Timer's Guide Tauck's European river cruise guide will help you find the right Danube, Rhone, Rhine, Seine or Douro river cruise for you. Countries: Switzerland, Germany, France and the Netherlands. 1. Rhône River France Written by Marcia Malory Category: Places. These windows are in use again due to COVID-19. Land of breathtaking natural wonders, from Fundy Bay and thundering Horseshoe Falls to the turquoise lakes and glacier-clad peaks of the Canadian Rockies. They’re made all the more memorable with a glass or two of the wine this area of the world is famous for. In this incredible photograph we see the confluence of the Rhone and Arve rivers in Geneva, Switzerland. From the elegant simplicity of a Japanese tea room to the neon cityscapes of Tokyo; from the intricate art of a Cambodian temple; from elephant walks to frenetic street markets to the serene beauty of the Taj Mahal, we'll guide you through the exotic pageantry of Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, China, Japan, India and Thailand, where there's never a lack of excitement for the eye, the palate, or the imagination. As the Roman Empire crumbled during the 4th and 5th centuries AD, Gaul gradually fell under the control of the Franks, culminating in a victory at the Battle of Soissons in 486. The Rhone is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in Switzerland and running from there through southeastern France. The Rhône River winds its way into France from the Rhône Glacier in Valais, Switzerland, meeting the Saône at Lyon. The Rhône itself was an important trade route at this time, but navigation — by coches d'eau (water coaches) drawn from the banks by men or horses, or sailing barges known as barques du Rhône – could be hazardous due to the river’s strong currents, shallows and frequent flooding. In 1888, Van Gogh painted Starry Night Over the Rhône. "Starry Night Over the Rhone" was part of the 1889 Society des Independents exhibition in Paris, and was one of only a few Van Gogh artworks shown publicly prior to his death. The name Saône derives from that of the Gallic river goddess Souconna, which has also been connected with a local Celtic tribe, the Sequanes. It does this by cutting through deep longitudinal valleys called vaux and transverse valleys called cluses, which were formed when the Jura Mountains were uplifted during the Alpine orogeny. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Rhône flows through the modern-day nations of Switzerland and France. All rights reserved. Magnificent châteaux in the area are emblematic of the importance of French appellations from the Rhône Valley, including Côtes du Rhône, Pouilly-Fuissé, Beaujolais and Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Tauck’s river cruises along the Rhône offer more included exclusive experiences than any other river cruise company in Europe — from in-depth, behind-the-scenes sightseeing to included dining ashore in memorable venues. Situated at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe, the country of Jordan delights from the archaeological treasures and antiquities of Petra to resort pleasures along the Dead Sea. Fläche: 69.711 km². And here’s one of the latest (and most delectable) Rhône River facts. The Rhône originates in the Swiss Alps, upstream from Lake Geneva. The Rhone River flows from Switzerland through southern France. Facts on Rhone-Alpes Land area: 43,698 km² Population: estimated at 6,005,000 Area: 137/km² Capital City: Lyon The Rhone-Alpes is one of the 26 regions of France and is located on the eastern border of the country, towards the south. From its source the Saône flows southwestward into … The river is in a danger of pollution. The river drains an are of 95.5500 m 2. Sie erleben eine europäische Landschaft mit einem überaus großen Schatz an kulturellen Meisterwerken, welche vor allem auf die Römer zurückgehen. The Rhône River in European Culture From medieval times, the waterway linked such cities as Avignon, Vienne and Arles with ports on the Mediterranean. Its waters flow past some of the country’s most significant historic landmarks, some dating back to Roman times. It comes into being at an elevation of about 6,000 feet (1,830 metres), emerging from the Rhône Glacier, which descends the south flank of the Dammastock, a nearly 12,000-foot (3,700-metre) peak. The painting depicts Arles at night. Geopolitical & Economic Importance Today Today, the Rhône Valley continues its prominence as one of the greatest wine regions on Earth, with more than 6,000 winegrowing properties — including over 1,800 private wineries and more than a hundred wine-making cooperatives — producing, distributing and exporting wine to the rest of the world on a massive scale. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The Rhône then flows south through southeastern France to the Mediterranean Sea. Vincent van Gogh lived in Arles between February 1888 and May 1889.This was his final home before he checked himself into the mental hospital in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.. The river starts in Rhône Glacier, which is in Switzerland.Then, the Rhône River joints the Saône, in France (and other rivers) and ends in the Mediterranean Sea.. A few examples follow: Les Halles de Lyon, Lyon, France: This celebrated indoor food market, occupying various locations in Lyon since 1850 and currently housed in the city’s Part-Dieu district, offers an unbelievable array of breads, cheeses, fresh fruits and vegetables, sausages, specialty spices, poultry, seafood from fish to oysters, wines, chocolates and other desserts. The latter lies in the basins that the Ice Age glaciers hollowed out between the Jura Mountains to the east and, farther west, the eastern edge of the Paris Basin and the uplands of the Massif Central. The river next widens, the terrain becoming less hilly, and at Le Parc (some 95 miles [150 km] above Lyon) becomes officially navigable, although the average depth is no more than three feet. Historic Site of Lyon The Rhine flows through six countries-Switzerland, Principality of Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and the Netherlands before … Countries: Switzerland, Germany, France and the Netherlands. A journey along the Rhône features sweeping views of lavender-filled landscapes, rolling hills dotted with castles and vineyards, and Provençal villages teeming with age-old mystery and charm. It rises in Switzerland in the Urner Alps, supplies the Geneva Lake and runs from there through the south-eastern corner France before flowing into the Mediterranean Sea. Medieval Period (High Middle Ages, 11th-15th centuries) Oldest Trade Routes: Water of the Rhone, which has its origin on the slopes of the Aar-Gotthard and the resulting Lake Geneva (Leman) are turquoise. THE RHONE IS THE chief river of southeastern FRANCE, draining much of the western ALPS and connecting the regions of the interior to the MEDITERRANEAN coast. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? It has a 512 kilometer main stem downstream of Lake Geneva and flows to the Mediterranean Sea. Hauptstadt: Lyon. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The confluence of the Rhone (Rhône) and Arve - a unique natural phenomenon that can be observed in Geneva, the second largest city in Switzerland. Check other interesting facts about River Rhine below: Facts about the River Rhine 1: the length. The city is a home for 1,050,000 individuals. Art and Painting Renaissance Period to 18th century Four famous “starry sky” paintings are among the legacy of van Gogh’s most productive period in Arles. 2. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Tags: Auvergne Die Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, das Land der Vulkane. Rhône River, historic river of Switzerland and France and one of the most significant waterways of Europe. The Rhine River is Central and Western Europe's second longest river. It flows south from the Alps through the Massif Central, past the famous French cities of Lyon, Avignon and Arles. It next enters another gorge before reaching the plain of the Valais, which extends between the towns of Brig and Martigny, and descends in elevation 2,300 to 1,600 feet (700 to 500 metres). The earliest uses of the Rhône can be traced back well into ancient times. 1. As part of the kingdom of France, the Rhône region’s winemaking traditions brought it to prominence as perhaps the most important wine-producing region in the world. The Rhone and Saone Rivers are joined in Lyon, France. Before the advent of the steam boat in the late 18th century, passe… Only the Nile brings more water into the Mediterranean. Viviers, France: In the Middle Ages, the town of Viviers on the Rhône had two distinct parts which reflected the equally distinct social divide of the time. With bucolic vineyards that produce a bounty of wines, lush landscapes fed by the Rhône River and cities like Lyon – long considered the culinary capital of France – that entice with some of the finest gourmet cuisine anywhere, the Rhône region is renowned for its cooking schools and culinary creativity. The Camargue region occupies the delta of the river. Twin channels of the river, the Grand and Petit Rhône, enclose the Camargue region. It rises in Switzerland in the Urner Alps, supplies the Geneva Lake and runs from there through the south-eastern corner France before flowing into the Mediterranean Sea. Across the mountain barrier the muddy waters of the Rhône enter another wide plain surrounded by high mountains and then plunge into the clearer, stiller waters of Lake Geneva, forming an enlarging delta. As a result, the river follows a complicated zigzag course. The Rhone River is the biggest river in France in terms of depth and volume. The River Rhône empties into the Mediterranean. The course of the river can be divided into three sectors, lying respectively in the Alps, between the Alps and the Jura Mountains and through the latter, and finally in the topographical furrow of Alpine origin running from the city of Lyon to the sea. The length of the valley means that Rhone wines are the product of a wide variety of soil types and mesoclimates. 11. 2. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Every travel detail is taken care of so you can share experiences, and connect with each other through the magic of travel. The Gaulish name of the river was *Rodonos or *Rotonos (from a PIE root *ret- "to run, roll" frequently found in river names). Costa Rica is tropical rainforests and exotic wildlife. The second-longest river in France, the Rhône River originates in Switzerland, from the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps (in the canton of Valais). Early Civilizations Along the Rhône The medieval period saw the establishment of cathedral towns, abbeys and a great wine-making tradition throughout the Rhône Valley region that exists to this day. These gorges have created considerable difficulty for modern transportation, necessitating a series of hairpin-bend road links. The Ardèche (French: ; Occitan: Ardecha) is a 125-kilometre (78 mi) long river in south-central France, a right-bank tributary of the River Rhône. From its rise in the Swiss Alps to its wide DELTA, the Camargue, the river travels 500 mi (800 km), at first through narrow and twisting mountain valleys, but from Lyon to the sea (170 mi or 275 km), the river follows a … FACTS ABOUT THE VOLGA RIVER: 12-27 . Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge Its main tributaries in France are the Saône, Isère, Durance and Ain rivers. The Rhine has been an important transportation route since the days of the Roman Empire, when … It first flows generally to the northwest into Lake Geneva, then exits the lake and meanders to the southwest from Switzerland into France, meeting the Saône River in the vicinity of Lyon. The Rhone is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in Switzerland and running from there through southeastern France. At Lyon the flow amounts to 22,600 cubic feet (640 cubic metres) per second; there the Saône alone contributes 14,100 cubic feet per second. What to Expect Along the Rhône with Tauck Length: 1233 km (765 miles) Source: Grisons in the Swiss Alps (Switzerland) Mouth: North Sea, Hoek van Holland, Rotterdam (Netherlands) Other Facts About the River Rhine. Length: 1233 km (765 miles) Source: Grisons in the Swiss Alps (Switzerland) Mouth: North Sea, Hoek van Holland, Rotterdam (Netherlands) Other Facts About the River Rhine. Large urbanized areas (including Lyon, Valence, Montélimar, Orange, Avignon and Arles) occupy its valley. They may seem remote and inhospitable to many, but the Earth’s frigid polar regions – whether above the Arctic Circle close to the North Pole, or on the ice-clad Antarctic Archipelago – possess a beauty all their own in snow-covered cliffs, massive floes of glistening ice, and calving glaciers. Jordan & Egypt: Petra to the Pyramids, Small Groups, Autumn Along the Rhine... Munich's Oktoberfest, Danube Automotive Heritage: Budapest to Frankfurt, Legendary Scottish Isles, Edinburgh & Glasgow, Tasting of local wines, cheeses and meats at famed Les Halles de Lyon food market, Dinner at Abbaye de Collonges in Lyon, crafted by chef Paul Bocuse, Visit and tasting at a 700-year-old, family-owned vineyard, Private dressage demonstration at the renowned Haras Nationale equestrian center, as well as a visit to the Benedictine Abbey in Cluny, Private wine tastings in Beaujolais and Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Local bakery and chocolatier tastings in Chalon-sur-Saôe, Walking tour of historic Vieux Lyon, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Tour of the elegant Château de Cormatin in the Burgundy wine region, Visit to Avignon's 14th-century Palais des Papes, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Calvados (apple brandy) and apple cider tastings in the Rhône Valley, Private hands-on experience at a gourmet cooking school in Valence, followed by a wine and cheese tasting, Explorations of walled, medieval Viviers, Roman ruins in Vienne and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Arles, and the ochre-tinted world of Roussillon, Private cowboy demonstration with prized black bulls and a Provençal lunch at a family-owned ranch in La Camargue. Ready to explore these Rhône River facts firsthand? Rhône River Facts Learn interesting and fun Rhône River facts – its sites in France and Switzerland, history, art, culture, food & more. At a time when most military personnel could not swim, the Sertorius once swam across the Rhône River in southern France although he was critically wounded and burdened by his armor. It flows 764 miles from the Swiss Alps to the Netherlands into the North Sea. As its name implies, the Rhône Valley wine region sits in the valley of the Rhône River. 10 Facts that You Don't Know About the Masterpiece. A quick geography lesson: the Rhône river begins in the Swiss Alps. The river on the right is the Arve, which receives water from the many glaciers of the … Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the “Triumphal Arch” of Orange By the 9th century, their Carolingian Empire under Charlemagne (including the Rhône Basin, in Burgundia) would begin evolving into the state of France and the Holy Roman Empire. The River Rhône empties into the Mediterranean. Little Rhône and Great Rhône are the two divisions of River Rhone. The river then became a dumping ground for the bodies. Provence — and Arles in particular — inspired the troubled Dutch Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh, who produced hundreds of works while a patient in an asylum in the area, including many that attempt to capture the effects of night. Into this lake drained a river—the present Rhine—which then flowed south through the valley and into the Saône basin. During floods, this value has reached over 12.000 m 3 per second. The city spreads over a peninsula between the Saône and the Rhône and over the rivers' further banks. When the ice sheets retreated, both the tributaries—the Vispa, Navigenze, Borgne, and Drance—and the Rhône cut new deep gorges to connect their lower courses to the new valley floor. River Rhine Fact File. The first one is Danube River. The Rhône River is 505 miles (813 kilometers) long. 13. The region's major appellation in production volume is Côtes du Rhône AOC.. During the last Ice Age a large glacier, fed by several small ones, plowed down the valley floor of the Valais and, except for some harder rock obstacles found near the town of Sion, succeeded in widening and deepening the narrow valley floor. Legend says that Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania was the Garden of Eden, and it's still lush with forest, pasture, lakes, and animal life, not far from Oldupai, where some of the oldest human fossils have been found. Upon leaving Lake Geneva, which has turned the course of the river to the southwest and decanted the sediment from its waters, the Rhône very quickly regains in full the milky colour so characteristic of Alpine rivers. The name Rhone continues the name Latin: Rhodanus (Greek Ῥοδανός Rhodanós) in Greco-Roman geography. Note : The kilometre markers along the Rhône correspond to the original length of the river, from a point 0.7km upstream of the confluence with the Saône at Lyon to Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône. Rhône Flusskreuzfahrten – Die Reise durch das Herz Frankreichs. The river is joined by a number of mountain streams and drops through small, rocky gorges as it flows generally westward. Cultural Institutions Round pebbles double as thermal furnaces that store heat at night and help coax the vines to maturity. Every region has its own dialects, but everywhere the technicolor landscapes speak the same language of adventure. Numerous historic towns and cities (mostly in modern-day France) have grown up directly on the Rhône River or its key tributary to the north, the Saône; others occupy the wider Rhône Basin. It flows southward to join the Rhône River at Lyon after a course of about 300 miles (480 km). Informationen über die Departements, Land und Leute. Vintners in Italy found an innovative way, “Wine Windows,” to sell wine during the plague pandemic. In Central and Western Europe, it is the second longest river. Saône River, river that rises near Vioménil, southwest of Épinal, in the Vosges département, Lorraine région, eastern France. The Rhône River flowing past Avignon, France. The river drains an are of 95.5500 m 2. Facts about the River Rhone inform the readers about one of the primary rivers in Europe. The Rhône has served as an important inland trade route since the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans, connecting the eastern and central portions of the Roman province of Gaul to the Mediterranean. The Rhône region remained under Roman rule until the 5th century AD; the capital of Roman Gaul for much of that period was the city of Lugdunum (present-day Lyon) on the Rhône. In crossing this high and rugged mountain area, the river makes successive use of two structural troughs: the first runs between two ancient crystalline rock massifs—the Aare and the Gotthard—and farther downstream the second runs between the arched rock mass of the Bernese Alps and, on the south, the massive rock face of the Pennine Alps. Master chefs perform their magic... pot-au-feu, quintessential quenelles, salade Lyonnaise and savory coq au vin. Although the tributaries—notably the Ardèche—rushing down into the Rhône from the Massif Central are formidable when in flood, the great Alpine rivers—the Isère and the Durance, joining the left bank—are the most important in their effect on riverbed deposits and on the volume of water. Pope Clement VI then consecrated the entire Rhone River making it holy ground. The second largest metropolitan area in France is Lyon, which serves as the capital. And here’s one of the latest (and most delectable) Rhône River facts. 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